What is a Command Economy?

Economic command is an economic management activity in which economic managers rely on a certain authority and in accordance with a unified will to direct the actions of members of the organization and give play to the effectiveness of cooperation among members. The implementation of economic command must have a certain authority and a unified will, with mandatory obedience to make members of the organization obey their instructions, orders, and scheduling, so as to achieve concerted action and effective cooperation.

Economic command

Right!
Economic command is an economic management activity in which economic managers rely on a certain authority and in accordance with a unified will to direct the actions of members of the organization and give play to the effectiveness of cooperation among members. The implementation of economic command must have a certain authority and a unified will, with mandatory obedience to make members of the organization obey their instructions, orders, and scheduling, so as to achieve concerted action and effective cooperation.
Chinese name
Economic command
Definition
Economic cooperation activities among members
Cooperation
Consistent action and effective cooperation
Classification
economic
Economic command is an economic management activity in which economic managers rely on a certain authority and in accordance with a unified will to direct the actions of members of the organization and give play to the effectiveness of cooperation among members. The implementation of economic command must have a certain authority and a unified will, with mandatory obedience to make members of the organization obey their instructions, orders, and scheduling, so as to achieve concerted action and effective cooperation. Economic command is both a kind of "management labor" and a "leadership form". It is an indispensable and important link in all economic management activities. Looking at the economic activities of modern society, not only companies need strong unified command. In order to ensure the smooth progress of its production and operation activities, the entire national economy also needs some unified instructions, orders and scheduling.
Observed from different perspectives, economic command methods have different classifications:
  • 1. According to the content of command, economic command can be divided into two categories: centralized command and decentralized command.
Centralized command , also known as imperative command or command command. This is a command mode with a high concentration of economic command power. Its basic feature is that the economic commander exercises a comprehensive and unified command over the economic management activities under his jurisdiction. In the process of implementing economic command, the commander not only specifies the economic or management tasks of the wave commander in detail, but also specifies the specific methods, ways, steps and start and end time for completing the task, the requirements for mutual cooperation between the commandees, and other precautions. Economic commanders must also do their best to create conditions for commandees to complete their tasks. Obviously, this economic command method is beneficial to the economic commander's direct and comprehensive grasp of the economic management activities under his jurisdiction. However, overly detailed and detailed regulations are not conducive to the commandees to give full play to their subjective initiative and creative spirit in completing planned tasks.
Decentralized command , also known as commissioned or instructive command. This is an economic command method in which the economic commander gives the commandee the greater power needed to complete the task. Its basic feature is that the economic commander exercises principled command over the commandee. In the implementation of economic command, the commander controls the commandee. It only stipulates economic management tasks, issues principled instructions and provides certain conditions for completing the tasks, and does not specify the methods, methods, steps, etc. for completing economic tasks. The commandees will choose according to the needs of completing the tasks. Economic commanders generally do not intervene. The characteristics of decentralized command are the opposite of centralized command. This economic command method is conducive to giving full play to the subjective function of the commanded person to complete the task, and frees the economic commander from the complicated and specific economic commanding business, avoiding Bureaucracy and blindness. However, this also increases the difficulty for economic commanders to fully grasp the economic management activities under their jurisdiction, which is slightly careless and prone to runaway economic command.
In the actual economic command process, whether to choose a centralized command method or a decentralized command method depends on needs and possibilities. The need here is to achieve the purpose of economic command. The need to complete economic command tasks; it may include the specific content of the economic command relationship established in the economic system or organization, the commanding art of the economic commander, the quality of the person being commanded, the preferred way of receiving command, and the treatment of specific command relationships Factors such as the attitude of the mandated economic task.
  • 2. According to the relationship between economic command and economic management level, economic command can be divided into command by level and command by level.
Hierarchical command is the economic command method determined by the economic command relationship between two adjacent economic management levels. Leap command refers to the economic command method determined by the command relationship across the economic management level. It manifests itself as a direct subordinate of the economic commander. In the economic management organization system, step-by-step command is the economic command method used under normal circumstances, and cross-level command is the economic command method used under special circumstances.
  • 3. According to the spatial distribution of economic command activities, economic command methods can be divided into field command and remote command.
On-site command refers to the way in which the commander personally visits the economic management site and implements economic command in response to problems in economic management activities. This command method has the advantages of specific, clear and timely command content. Remote command refers to the economic command mode where the commander lives outside the economic management site. This command mode has the characteristics of strong command principle, great flexibility, and room for execution. Modern science and technology have provided a large number of effective tools for remote command, thereby greatly improving the effectiveness of this economic command method. And the expansion of the scale and scope of modern economic management activities has provided a larger place for remote control command. Of course, because on-site command and remote command have their own characteristics, these two command modes complement each other and play an important role in achieving the command function of modern economic management. Generally speaking, on-site command mostly plays a role at a lower level of economic management, while remote command often plays a role at a higher level of economic management.
  • 4. In addition, there are three typical economic command methods: functional command, temporary command and referral command.
Functional command is the economic command method corresponding to the direct command of the head of the economic system or economic organization to the subordinates. It refers to the implementation of the functional management department of the system or organization to the next level of economic management according to the division of work Economic command other than direct command. Functional command methods include functional management departments to carry out professional management in the system under their jurisdiction, provide guidance and assistance to related functional management work at lower levels, provide recommendations to leaders at their management level, implement them after approval, and implement special economic command in accordance with leadership authorization Specifically, it is clear that functional command originates from the economic management organization of functional system. The existence of economic management functional departments necessarily leads to functional command.
Temporary command is an economic command method corresponding to fixed command. Fixed command is an economic command method that directs according to the economic command relationship determined by the internal structure of the economic management system or organization. Temporary command is the economic command method used to disrupt the internal structure of an existing economic management system or organization without establishing a new internal structure. The economic command relationship embodied by the temporary command method is extremely unstable. There is a close connection between temporary command and overstepping command, but it is not the same as overstepping command. Cross-level command is usually a temporary command. Interim command can also appear in the form of cross-level command. However, temporary command also includes temporary economic commands at the same level, that is, between different departments or individuals at the same management level. Economic organizations. Temporary economic command between departments and individuals. In very special cases, economic organizations, departments and individuals at lower management levels have higher-level economic organizations that do not have affiliation. Departments and individuals also implement temporary command.
Referral command is an economic command method corresponding to authorized command. It refers to the economic command mode in which the economic command relationship does not exist under the condition that several economic management organizations or departments or relevant personnel negotiate with each other, from which an economic commander is deduced, and then the remaining organizations or individuals are commanded . Obviously, referral command is mostly a temporary economic command, but it cannot be equated with temporary command. The biggest difference between referral command and temporary command lies in the different ways in which economic command relations are formed. The latter is an economic command relationship generated by the authority of the superior, while the former is an economic command relationship generated by the commandee. The difference in command relationship determines the principle difference between the two economic command methods.
Any economic activity must have certain conditions. Economic command is also a kind of management activity. If you want to conduct correct command. It must also have a series of conditions in terms of awareness, activity and quality.
(I) Cognitive conditions at the time of command: Correct command comes from correct understanding of objective economic activities. Without a correct understanding of economic activity, there is no correct command of economic activity.
(2) Activity conditions in command: In addition to the correct conditions for correct command, there must also be the necessary conditions for actual implementation as the necessary conditions for economic command.
(3) Qualities of the commander: Correct command is closely related to the quality and ability of the commander. Because the commanders in economic management are mostly supervisors at all levels, that is, leaders. Therefore, the quality of economic commanders is generally referred to as the quality of leaders in economic management.
  • (1) Economic command can ensure mutual cooperation between members of economic organizations.
A lot of facts tell people that any organization must cooperate with each other to achieve the desired goal. To achieve this kind of effective cooperation, it is necessary to carry out unified command. One person "gives orders", and others cooperate with the orders. With the improvement of the socialization of modern production, the division of labor has become increasingly sophisticated. The continuity of production is getting stronger and stronger, and various economic tasks are mutually constrained. One link is closely linked to another, and cooperation between members of economic organizations is vital. If one member is free to cooperate with other members, it will cause chaos in the entire economic organization and affect the entire economic activity. Therefore, modern economic organizations [1] , especially enterprises, must establish a sound and powerful command system, through unified instructions, orders and scheduling, to enable members of various organizations to cooperate closely with each other, to ensure the smooth progress of socialized production, so that The goal of economic activity was achieved as scheduled.
  • (2) Effective economic command promotes the normal operation of the entire economic management process.
Economic management is always an operational process of decision-making, planning, organization, command, coordination, and control based on a certain organizational system. Economic command is an intermediate link in this operational process. Economic command, as an intermediate part of the economic management process, is to implement the decisions and plans prepared by economic forecasting according to the economic organization system, push management from pre-planning to actual operation, and coordinate and control economic activities. Provide conditions, avoid ways, and let the pace of economic activity consistent with the established track to achieve the desired goals. Here, the role of economic command is obviously two points: one is the promoter of the actual operation of economic management. Without command, economic management decisions and prepared plans cannot become a reality, and coordination and control cannot begin. The second is the direct determiner of the effectiveness of the economic management process. Command failure, the task cannot be completed, the entire economic management process can not operate normally, it is more difficult to obtain good economic benefits, and it is bound to lose its effectiveness. Linking these two points together can promote the effective operation of the economic management process.
  • (3) Economic command can further tap the potential of various elements within economic organizations.
Economic command can fully tap the potential of various elements in an economic organization while ensuring that members of the economic organization cooperate with each other and promote the effective operation of the economic management process. The first is to give full play to the intellectual potential of workers. It can guide and stimulate the initiative, enthusiasm and creativity of all the people in the economic organization, so that it has a high morale, is willing to accept various tasks, and exerts its ingenuity. Secondly, the human resources of various organizations and parties in the organization can be reasonably deployed and work together to contribute to the realization of the goals of economic organizations. The development of human talents and the excavation of human resources will inevitably enable the full development and reasonable use of various physical, financial, and information resources, releasing greater energy and promoting the effective development of economic activities.

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