What Are Oral Rehydration Salts?

Oral Rehydration Salt (ORS) is a drug recommended by the World Health Organization for the treatment of acute diarrheal dehydration with excellent curative effect. The prescription composition is reasonable, convenient and efficient, and the speed of correcting dehydration is better than intravenous drip. Although the drug is an oral preparation, it is necessary to emphasize a standardized preparation method so that the content is accurate to ensure the efficacy.

Basic Information

Drug Name
Oral rehydration salt
Main ingredients
Rehydration solution
Solution, powder
Powder 5.5g / bottle
Whether medical insurance medication
Essential drugs, medical insurance A
Whether over-the-counter

Oral rehydration salt indications

Used to replenish lost water, sodium and potassium. Treatment of acute diarrhea.

Clinical application of oral rehydration salts

Mild dehydration: Adult oral: 50ml / kg at the beginning, drink within 4 to 6 hours, and adjust the dose later as appropriate. Oral for children: 50ml / kg at the beginning, drink within 4 hours until diarrhea stops. Moderate dehydration: Adult oral: 50ml / kg at the beginning, drink within 6 hours, and the rest should be rehydration intravenously. Children should be given intravenous fluids.

Adverse effects of oral rehydration salts

Sodiumemia. There is too much water, and the above two cases should be discontinued immediately. Vomiting, mostly mild, often occurs at the beginning of taking, at this time can be taken in small portions.

Precautions for oral rehydration salts

Generally not used in preterm infants. Infants and young children need to give this product a small number of times.

Contraindication to oral rehydration salts

The following conditions are forbidden: oliguria or anuria; severe fluid loss and intravenous rehydration should be used; severe diarrhea, stool volume exceeding 30ml / kg per hour, patients often cannot take a sufficient amount of ORS orally; glucose absorption disorders; due to Severe vomiting and other reasons can not be taken orally.
Note: The above content is only for introduction, the drug use must be carried out by a regular hospital under the guidance of a doctor.


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