What is Stroke Speech Therapy?

Stroke is a group of diseases with cerebral ischemia and hemorrhagic damage as the main clinical manifestations, also known as stroke or cerebrovascular accident. It has a very high mortality and disability, and is mainly divided into hemorrhagic stroke ( Cerebral hemorrhage or subarachnoid hemorrhage) and ischemic stroke (cerebral infarction, cerebral thrombosis), the two most common types are cerebral infarction. Stroke has an acute onset and a high mortality rate, making it one of the most important fatal diseases in the world. The death rate of stroke also tends to increase with age. Due to the lack of effective treatment measures, prevention is currently considered to be the best measure. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen education on the risk factors and aura symptoms of stroke for all people. Obtain effective control effects.

Stroke is a group of diseases with cerebral ischemia and hemorrhagic damage as the main clinical manifestations, also known as stroke or cerebrovascular accident. It has a very high mortality and disability, and is mainly divided into hemorrhagic stroke ( Cerebral hemorrhage or subarachnoid hemorrhage) and ischemic stroke (cerebral infarction, cerebral thrombosis), the two most common types are cerebral infarction. Stroke has an acute onset and a high mortality rate, making it one of the most important fatal diseases in the world. The death rate of stroke also tends to increase with age. Due to the lack of effective treatment measures, prevention is currently considered to be the best measure. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen education on the risk factors and aura symptoms of stroke for all people. Obtain effective control effects.

Stroke symptoms

Stroke symptoms of stroke include

1. Headache: Whether it is cerebral hemorrhage or cerebral infarction, headache is very common, and it is also an important stroke symptom and signal.
Stroke symptoms
2. Vomiting: It usually occurs with headache, and it is also very common. Its characteristics are mostly jet-like vomiting. In case of vomiting coffee-colored (soy sauce-like or brown-black) liquid, the condition is very serious.
3. Vertigo: Vertigo is also often accompanied by vomiting or tinnitus, which is more common in the symptoms of stroke.
4. Paresthesias on one limb and face.
5. Drooling (drooling): The phenomenon of oblique drooling, drooling, or the outflow of food from the corner of the mouth should be given sufficient attention.
6. Sudden visual impairment: it can be seen as a left or right object or visual defect, and it can also be expressed as a transient darkening of the eyes or a mosquito suddenly flying in front of the eyes.
7. Sudden speech insufficiency and swallowing and coughing symptoms: manifested as patients with unclear speech, difficulty in speaking, choking when drinking water or swallowing.
8. Disorder of consciousness: Realization of consciousness, unconscious breathing, snoring, and severe coma may occur.

Stroke considerations

1. Observe the vital signs of the patient and contact the neurologist urgently.
2. Rescue the patient in the place where the patient fell. If you must move, be careful.
3. Paralysis of the hands and feet, speech impairment, and visual impairment are the precursors of stroke, and should be detected and treated as soon as possible.

Check for stroke and other symptoms

Wrinkles appear on one side of the nose, and the left and right nasolabial folds are asymmetric.
One side of the mouth is inclined downwards, and the face is asymmetric.
dripping underwater.
Hiccups appear.
flushed (or blue).
Eye congestion.
Vomiting violently.
Incontinence.
Fever or sweating.

Causes of stroke

Causes of stroke
Stroke or stroke is a disease characterized by a loss of local nerve function caused by a disturbance of blood circulation in the brain. The main causes of stroke are:
(1) Hypertension and atherosclerosis are the main and most common causes of stroke.
(2) Heart disease is one of the main causes of cerebral embolism. Rheumatic, hypertensive, coronary heart disease and subacute bacterial endocarditis, etc., may produce mural thrombus. When heart failure or atrial fibrillation occurs, the thrombus will fall off and flow to the cerebral artery. Embolism occurred.
(3) Aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations caused by abnormal intracranial vascular development are common causes of subarachnoid hemorrhage and cerebral hemorrhage, and often rupture and bleed repeatedly.
(4) Certain inflammations can invade the meninges, cerebrovascular vessels, or invade cerebrovascular vessels alone and cause cerebral arteritis, such as purulent, tuberculous, fungal inflammation and rheumatism, etc., can cause cerebrovascular disease.
(5) Blood diseases such as thrombocytopenic purpura, erythrocytosis, and leukemia often cause hemorrhagic cerebrovascular disease. A small number of ischemic cerebrovascular diseases occur.
(6) Metabolic diseases such as diabetes and hyperlipidemia are closely related to cerebrovascular disease.
(7) All kinds of trauma, poisoning, brain tumors, and brain tumors after radiation therapy can cause ischemic or hemorrhagic cerebrovascular disease.
In addition, changes in temperature, changes in the environment and mood, excessive tension and fatigue are also the causes of stroke. The incidence of stroke will also increase significantly among smokers and excessive drinkers.

Sequelae of stroke

1. Stroke 1. Numbness

It is more common in the sequelae of stroke. It is manifested as: the limb on the affected side, especially the end of the limb, such as fingers or toes, or the cheek skin on the side of the hemiplegia. slow.

2. Stroke 2. Crooked mouth and squinted eyes

Appears as shallow nasolabial sulcus, drooping corners, toothy. When the cheeks and whistle are blown, the corners of the mouth are skewed to the healthy side, drooling, and more pronounced when speaking.

3. Stroke 3. Central paralysis

The main manifestations are increased muscle tone, hypertenoid reflexes, pathological reflexes, and spastic paralysis.

4. Stroke 4. Peripheral paralysis

Presented as decreased muscle tone, weakened or disappeared reflexes, with muscle atrophy, but no pathological reflexes.

5. Stroke 5. Hemiplegia

Also known as hemiplegia, refers to the dyskinesia of the upper and lower limbs, the facial muscles and the lower part of the tongue muscles. It is a common symptom of acute cerebrovascular disease and a common sequelae of stroke.

6. Stroke 6. Aphasia

Aphasia is a common symptom of cerebrovascular disease, which mainly manifests as a loss of understanding and expression ability of language.

7. Stroke 7. Failure to recognize

Misunderstanding refers to the loss of cognitive ability of the patient. It includes the loss of vision, hearing, touch, and awareness of body parts. It is one of the symptoms of stroke.

8. Stroke 8. Apraxia

Apraxia, that is, the inability to use, the patient's limbs are not paralyzed, there are no sensory disturbances and ataxias, but the purposeful movements cannot be completed accurately. Apraxia includes: ideomotor apraxia, ideological apraxia, structural dysfunction, wearing dysfunction, mouth-face dysfunction, and limb-motor dysfunction.

Stroke diet

Stroke is a disease that consumes the most social resources.
Stroke patients often become disabled after a stroke, and their limbs become hemiplegia, which is not only personally inconvenient, but also the entire family. However, there is currently no good and effective medical technology to enable these stroke patients to stand up and take care of themselves again. The clinical trial of stem cell therapy is to try to use stem cells to regenerate the brain, nerves and blood vessels of stroke patients and restore walking ability.
The purpose of diet nutrition therapy is to support nutrition in the whole body, protect brain function, and promote the repair and functional recovery of nerve cells. Individual dietary nutrition is required, that is, according to the severity of the patient's condition, whether there are complications, whether the diet can be normal, digestion and absorption, weight, blood lipids, blood glucose, electrolytes and other factors, different diet nutrition treatment schemes are proposed.
Diet treatment in the acute phase is to allow patients to pass the critical stage and create conditions for recovery. During the recovery period, suggestions for a reasonable diet should be made to correct undernutrition or malnutrition, promote recovery and prevent recurrence.
Diet treatment for critically ill patients: If severe or comatose patients have vomiting or gastrointestinal bleeding within 2 to 3 days of onset, they should fast and supplement their nutrition from the vein. Nasal feeding was started after 3 days. In order to adapt to the absorption function of the digestive tract, rice soup and sucrose were the main products in the first few days, 200 to 250 ml each time, 4 to 5 times a day.
When it is already tolerated, give mixed milk to increase heat energy, protein and fat. Milk, rice soup, sucrose, eggs, and a small amount of vegetable oil can be used. For those who have a long coma and have complications, they should provide mixed milk with high thermal energy and high fat to ensure that there is 90 to 1 log of protein per day, 100 g of fat, 300 g of carbohydrate, total thermal energy of 10.46 MJ (2500 kcal), and total liquid volume. 2500ml, 300 ~ 400ml each time, 6 ~ 7 times a day. Nasal feeding should be slower to prevent backflow into the trachea. If necessary, choose a homogenized diet or an elementary diet.

Stroke Treatment

The onset of the disease is paralysis of the body, distorted mouth and eyes, unfavorable speech, and even sudden fainting, unconsciousness. Under normal circumstances, the initial 2 weeks after the onset is the acute phase, after 2 weeks into the recovery period, more than half a year is the sequelae. The combination of traditional Chinese and western medicine has the best effect in the acute phase, while traditional Chinese medicine, especially acupuncture, plays a very important role in the recovery phase. Acupuncture can significantly improve the functions of paralyzed limbs and language, and improve the cure rate. It is the main treatment. method.
Acupuncture has a long history of treating stroke, and it has unique results. In the traditional Chinese medicine classic "The Yellow Emperor's Canon" more than 2,000 years ago, it was clearly recorded: "Partial dryness (ie, half-body failure), partial body pain but no change, unchanging ambitions, illness between the tillers, and a huge needle. It is good for its disadvantages, it is more for its damage, but it can be restored. "In the future, doctors of different dynasties have commented on acupuncture treatment of this disease. Whether it is acupoint or acupuncture, they have continuously improved and improved, and have accumulated rich experience. Modern acupuncture workers use modern scientific methods and continue to innovate on the basis of summing up their previous treatment experience, which has greatly improved the efficiency and cure rate of this disease. The traditional method of acupuncture and moxibustion is mainly to clear the meridians, and take more meridian points, supplemented by yin meridian points, which are effective for most symptoms of stroke paralysis. Recently, the acupuncture "Xingnao Kaiqiao" method has been applied to the clinical treatment of stroke. This method has innovated the method of selecting acupuncture points and acupuncture methods. It is to improve the function of the brain of Yuanshenfu and refreshing the consciousness. Acupuncture with acupuncture needles is more effective than simple acupuncture treatment. The effect of bee needle solution on the sequelae of stroke is directly related to the complex chemical components it contains. The mechanism is mainly the result of the comprehensive biological effects and biological effects of these chemical components. Stroke is a difficult disease, and traditional Chinese and Western medicines have not yet achieved the desired effect. The use of bee acupuncture therapy gives hope to the recovery of stroke patients.

Stroke prevention

1) To prevent stroke, it is necessary to minimize the risk factors of stroke. Controlling hypertension is the focus of preventing stroke. Hypertensive patients should take antihypertensive drugs on time according to the doctor's advice. Those with conditions should preferably take their blood pressure once a day, especially in the stage of adjusting antihypertensive drugs, to keep blood pressure stable. To maintain emotional stability, do or do not do things that are likely to cause emotional excitement, such as playing cards, rubbing mahjong, watching sports broadcasts, etc .; diet must be light and controlled, quit smoking and alcohol, and keep the stool smooth; moderate activities such as walking, playing Tai Chi Boxing etc.
The key to the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis lies in the prevention and treatment of hyperlipidemia and obesity. Establish a healthy diet, eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, and eat less high-fat foods such as fatty meat and animal internal organs; moderate exercise increases calorie consumption; taking lipid-lowering drugs.
Control diabetes and other diseases such as heart disease and vasculitis.
2) Pay attention to the aura signs of stroke: some patients often have aura such as blood pressure rise, fluctuation, headache, dizziness, numbness of hands and feet before the onset of stroke, and measures should be taken to control as soon as possible after discovery.
3) Effectively control transient ischemic attack: When a patient has a precursor of a transient ischemic attack, the patient should be allowed to rest quietly and actively treated to prevent it from developing into cerebral thrombosis.
4), pay attention to the influence of meteorological factors: seasonal and climate changes will make patients with hypertension emotionally unstable, blood pressure fluctuates, and induce stroke. At this time, it is necessary to prevent stroke.
Ginkgo is effective in preventing stroke
Ginkgo can reduce the degree of brain damage after a stroke and protect the brain function. Because ginkgo is rich in antioxidants and can effectively remove free radicals, it may be used as a companion therapy for stroke treatment. It also has preventive effects on insufficient blood flow to the brain or other cerebral vascular diseases. It should be noted that excessive doses of Ginkgo have no such effect.

Stroke laser for stroke

Through specific low-intensity clear snow laser treatment instrument irradiation, human tissues will produce a series of response reactions, and at the same time cause a wide range of biological effects, change blood rheology properties, reduce whole blood viscosity and platelet aggregation ability; promote the ATP enzyme Generate, increase the deformability and fluidity of red blood cells; at the same time, improve the oxygen carrying capacity of red blood cells and enhance the use of oxygen by the tissue; promote the metabolic function of the body, improve microcirculation, reduce molecular substances in the body, and enhance superoxide (SOD) Activity, which can very well purify the blood, remove toxins and free radicals in the blood; break down, dissolve, remove thrombus and atherosclerotic plaque, and regulate the body's immunity. Radical rehabilitation of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.

Stroke first aid method

Stroke Do not take the following actions on stroke patients

shaking
Raise pillows;
bend or twist the head back and forth;
Head vibration.

Stroke first aid measures

Check the vital signs. If breathing and heartbeat have stopped, perform heart and lung resuscitation immediately.
The patient is clearly aware that the patient can lie on his back with his head slightly back to open the airway without the need for pillows and covering with cotton blankets to keep warm.
Patients who are unconscious should maintain a sleeping position to keep the airway unobstructed. Do not place pillows.
Cold can cause blood vessel contraction, so keep the room warm and pay attention to indoor air circulation. Those who have incontinence should take off the patient's pants and pad with straw paper.

Stroke stroke patients should take the following measures when vomiting

Face up and let it spit out.
The rescuer wrapped a clean handkerchief around his finger and extended his mouth to clear the vomit, so as not to block the airway.
If you have dentures, remove them.
Do not allow patients to eat or drink without permission from the doctor.

Stroke to treat hypertension and prevent stroke

Hypertension can easily cause a stroke, which is not alarmist. Strokes include cerebral hemorrhage and cerebral infarction. Among patients with cerebral hemorrhage, 93% had a history of hypertension before the onset; of patients with cerebral infarction, 86% had a history of hypertension before the onset. It can be seen that the risk of stroke has a great relationship with the level of blood pressure.
The main cause of stroke caused by hypertension is that it easily causes changes in the structure of the heart and cerebral blood vessels. When the blood pressure rises, it will cause spasms of small arteries throughout the body. If the blood pressure rises for a long time, the arteries will also spasm for a long time. The blood vessel wall will be deformed due to hypoxia, the wall will thicken, the lumen will become narrow, and the elasticity will decrease. In order to form or aggravate the formation of arteriosclerosis; coupled with factors such as hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia, and increased blood viscosity, it is easier to accelerate the formation of thrombus.
If the antihypertensive effect is not good, or the patient does not take the medicine as prescribed by the doctor, the blood pressure fluctuates too much, causing repeated arterial spasm, causing brain tissue hemorrhage, edema, or hyaline degeneration of the arterial wall, forming a dissection aneurysm and causing cerebral hemorrhage.
For patients with hypertension, strokes are not caused by high blood pressure. On the contrary, failure to take medication as instructed by the doctor, as well as incorrect diet and living habits, are the root causes of the disease. For example: long-term hypertension without proper antihypertensive treatment; despite taking medication on time, the blood pressure is still at a high level for a long time; or intermittent antihypertensive treatment, blood pressure often increases suddenly; not paying attention to climate and mood changes and excessive fatigue The influence of predisposing factors; excessive hypotension is often caused by ischemic stroke due to low blood pressure at night; in addition, combined with diabetes, hyperlipidemia, obesity and other diseases are more likely to cause stroke.
In fact, whether it is patients with mild or moderate hypertension, whether to prevent the first occurrence or recurrence of stroke, or to alleviate the course of stroke or reduce pathogenic stroke, strict antihypertensive treatment is very beneficial. Step-down methods are not difficult to master, just patience, seriousness, and perseverance. May wish to transcribe the precautions in the obvious place, and follow the implementation.
1. Strictly control blood pressure below 140/90 mm Hg. The younger the age, the stricter the control. It is best to monitor blood pressure changes every day and at least once a week.
2. Insist on taking antihypertensive drugs. Do not stop taking the drugs at will. You should increase or decrease antihypertensive drugs as directed by your doctor.
3. Stable blood pressure control for 24 hours, so that blood pressure fluctuations are small, and blood pressure should not be lowered too much.
4. Control blood sugar, blood lipid and blood viscosity.
5. Reduce weight and reach normal standards.
6. Quit smoking and alcohol. Have a low-salt, low-fat diet.
7, adhere to aerobic physical exercise, such as jogging, swimming, cycling, practicing Tai Chi and so on. More than 30 minutes a day, at least 5 times a week.

Stroke Four Fruits Can Prevent Stroke

The drop in temperature will cause the blood vessels in the body to contract, so people's blood pressure in cold weather is generally higher than in summer. In addition, due to the cold weather, people's intake of calories and fat increases, while outdoor activities decrease, which can cause blood pressure to rise. Therefore, cold weather is a high incidence of stroke. Grapefruit, tangerine, orange, and lemon can help lower blood pressure and prevent strokes.
Yuzu: Yuzu is rich in nutrients, rich in sugars, organic acids, vitamins A, B1, B2, C, P, and calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, and so on. Grapefruit also contains the biologically active substances glucosides and insulin-like substances. Yuzu meat is very rich in vitamin C. It has functions of lowering blood lipids, reducing blood viscosity, reducing thrombosis, and preventing cerebrovascular diseases (such as cerebral thrombosis and stroke).
Oranges: Oranges are rich in protein, calcium, phosphorus, vitamin C, vitamin B1, and vitamin B2. Oranges reduce cholesterol absorption, lower blood lipids, and fight atherosclerosis.
Stroke Resistant Fruit
Oranges: Oranges are high in vitamin C and can soften blood vessels and lower blood lipids. In addition, the pectin in oranges helps the body excrete waste, lipids and cholesterol as quickly as possible. Studies have shown that drinking 3 cups of orange juice a day can increase high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels in the body, thereby reducing the risk of heart disease. Flavonoids and citrin in orange juice can raise high-density lipoprotein and transport low-density lipoprotein (LDL) outside the body.
Oranges are rich in vitamins C and P, which can enhance the body's resistance, increase the elasticity of capillaries, and reduce blood cholesterol. People with hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and atherosclerosis often eat oranges.
Lemon: Lemon is rich in vitamin C and vitamin P, which can enhance the elasticity and toughness of human blood vessels, prevent hypertension and relieve the symptoms of myocardial infarction. Foreign studies have also found that green lemon contains an ingredient similar to insulin, which can help lower blood sugar.

Stroke before stroke

Continuous yawning: When the cerebral arteriosclerosis gradually increases, the lumen becomes narrower, and cerebral ischemia and hypoxia increase, especially when the respiratory central hypoxia causes yawn reflex. In the 5 to 10 days before the onset of ischemic stroke, yawning frequently can reach about 80%, which is an important alarm signal.
Stuttering: The symptoms of drooling are sluggish speech, drooling, signs of stroke, and sudden onset.
Once dark: it suddenly appears dark in front of the eyes, can not see things, and recovers in seconds or minutes, accompanied by nausea, vomiting, dizziness and disturbance of consciousness. Recently, Norwegian doctor Coty found carotid atherosclerotic lesions in 18 cases of transient black patients.
Blurred vision: that is, transient visual impairment or visual field defect, which usually recovers within 1 hour. Coty performed fundus examination and cerebral blood flow measurement on 10 patients with transient visual impairment, and found that 3 of them had central retinal artery occlusion and 7 had branch retinal artery occlusion.
Razor landing: It means that when you shave with your knife, you turn your head to one side, and suddenly feel that your arm is weak. The razor falls to the ground and fully recovers after 1 to 2 minutes. This is because when the head is twisted and the neck is twisted, the hardened carotid artery is twisted, which increases the stenosis and causes insufficient blood supply to the brain.
Hemiplegia: A transient ischemic attack, which is, strictly speaking, the mildest stroke. According to follow-up observations, 3 to 5 years after a transient ischemic attack, more than half of the people have an ischemic stroke.
Anyone who has one of the above symptoms should be checked early, after a clear diagnosis, and then treated systematically, it is possible to avoid the occurrence of stroke.

What are the complications after a stroke?

After cerebral hemorrhage or a large area of cerebral infarction, diseases of other organs of the body are often complicated, common acute gastrointestinal bleeding, cerebral heart syndrome, pulmonary infection and acute pulmonary edema, bedsores, central dyspnea, central hiccup , Post-stroke depression, etc., as follows:
1. Pulmonary infection: brain damage may lead to pulmonary and respiratory vascular dysfunction, pulmonary edema and congestion; failure to turn over for a long period of time can cause accumulation of lung secretions; and inhalation of vomitus into the trachea will promote pneumonia. . Care should be strengthened, such as gently changing the patient's position every 3 to 4 hours and patting the back so that lung secretions do not accumulate for a long time and make it easy to discharge. Take special care when feeding to prevent pneumonia as much as possible.
2. Bedsores: Due to the limited movement of paralyzed limbs, the raised parts of the bones are easily compressed, and local skin blood circulation and nutritional disorders, so bedsores are easy to occur. . In order to avoid bedsores, patients can be replaced every 2 hours. Air balloons, sponge pads, etc. are placed on the areas prone to bedsores to keep the skin dry. Local massage can also be performed to improve blood circulation.
3. Acute gastrointestinal bleeding: Most of them occur within 1 week after the onset of the disease. More than half of the bleeding comes from the stomach, followed by the esophagus, which manifests as vomiting or melena.
4. Cerebral-heart syndrome: Examination of the electrocardiogram within 1 week after the onset can reveal that the heart has ischemic changes, arrhythmias, and even myocardial infarction may occur.
5, central dyspnea: more common in coma patients. Breathing was rapid, shallow, weak, and irregular, or sigh-like breathing, apnea, because the respiratory center of the brainstem was affected, indicating a serious condition.
6, central hiccup: seen in the acute and chronic phases of stroke. In severe cases, a refractory attack is also a sign of serious illness.

Stroke- prone people

Studies of patients with hypertension show that whether it is high in systolic or diastolic blood pressure, as long as it is high to a certain extent, it may cause stroke. Therefore, people with high blood pressure, even if they have no obvious symptoms, should continue to take medication to control their blood pressure, and never paralyze.
Statistics of patients with heart disease found that people with myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, bacterial myocarditis, and heart valve disease, or those who had undergone cardiac surgery and had an artificial pacemaker installed, were prone to thrombosis and stroke.
Diabetic patients Diabetic patients are prone to dyslipidemia, aggravate atherosclerosis, and prone to high blood pressure. These are the risk factors for stroke.
People with high blood viscosity have some diseases, such as erythrocytosis, the patient has too many red blood cells, the blood becomes sticky, and blood clots are prone to cause ischemic stroke.
Studies of alcoholics have shown that if you drink a lot of alcohol for a long time, if you consume more than 60 grams of alcohol per day, you may have a stroke.
People who smoke can make cholesterol and lipoprotein in the blood combine and deposit on the wall of blood vessels, thereby accelerating the atherosclerosis process and easily causing stroke. However, the effect of smoking on the cerebral blood vessels is temporary. As long as smoking is stopped for more than 2 years, the incidence of cerebral stroke can be greatly reduced.
Cerebrovascular malformations Some people have congenital developmental malformations or congenital vascular wall defects. They may have no symptoms, but they are very susceptible to hemorrhagic stroke.
People who have eaten salty foods Some people have used white mice as a test abroad, and found that all rats that ate a lot of salty foods died 15 weeks later. Pathological anatomy revealed that the brains of these rats had small regional necrosis. Analysis suggests that eating too much salt can cause damage and narrowing of the cerebral arteries, which can lead to stroke.
People with habitual constipation have arteriosclerosis and dry stool. Defecation is easy to increase abdominal pressure, blood pressure and intracranial pressure are also increased at the same time, so it is easy to rupture small blood vessels and cause stroke.
Magnesium deficient in human body can delay platelet aggregation in human body, and has certain anticoagulant effect. This effect is weakened when magnesium is lacking, and cerebral thrombosis is easily formed. Magnesium can also reduce cholesterol and lipoprotein levels in the blood, which can reduce blood lipids and prevent cerebral arteriosclerosis. To prevent magnesium deficiency, scientists recommend that adult men should not consume less than 350 mg of magnesium per day, and women should not eat less than 300 mg. Green leafy vegetables, various cereals, and seafood, especially soybeans and almonds, have more magnesium, so you should eat more.
Improper medication If hypertensive patients take antihypertensive drugs excessively, blood pressure can drop sharply, cerebral blood flow decreases sharply, and ischemic stroke is prone to occur. Certain sedatives, such as diazepam and chlorpromazine, are also prone to ischemic stroke if the dosage is too large.

Stroke for sudden stroke

Strokes occur suddenly. If you observe them carefully, they often show some signs before they occur.
1. Sudden numbness, weakness, crooked mouth, drooling on one side of the face or upper and lower limbs. This is due to insufficient blood supply to the brain, which damages the neural pathways that govern the trunk.
2. Sudden difficulty in speaking or incomprehensible to others. This is due to insufficient blood supply to the cerebral cortex, which affects the language center.
3. Suddenly feel dizzy and unstable. This is due to insufficient blood supply to the cerebellum, which affects its balance function. The aforesaid signs may be temporary, disappear after a while, or they may recur, or gradually worsen.
4. Transient confusion or drowsiness.
5. Unbearable headaches. The headache changed from intermittent to persistent, or accompanied by nausea and vomiting. This is usually caused by a sudden rise in intra-arterial pressure, which stimulates the nociceptors of the blood vessel wall. This may be a sign of cerebral hemorrhage and special attention should be paid.
For family members of patients, in the event of cerebral hemorrhage, in addition to sending them to a doctor urgently, the following measures should be taken:
1. Keep the patient quiet and completely bedridden. Try not to move the patient during the acute phase, and do not conduct non-urgent examinations. Because the patient's position change at this time may cause continued bleeding in the brain. 48 hours after the onset, the patient can gradually turn over to prevent the occurrence of fall pneumonia and bedsores.
2. Keep the airway open. Unconscious patients should loosen their buttons and belts, and those with dentures should also take them out, and keep the patient's head sideways. This can keep the airway open, the vomit can not be easily inhaled into the trachea, and the head can be slightly lower. To suck the sputum to the patient. It is best to allow the patient to continuously or intermittently inhale oxygen.
3. Maintain the supply of nutrients. In the first 1 to 2 days of onset, the unconscious patient should be fasted. After the patient is conscious and has no difficulty swallowing, try to give some liquid diet, such as milk, egg soup and so on. Take less each time, but feed more times. Complications of patients with cerebral hemorrhage often become the direct cause of death. Therefore, it is necessary to do the above work well.
In terms of human health, the impact of a stroke on a person is equivalent to a "strong earthquake" in the human body, and a small stroke is like a white light before the earthquake and a warning signal of cerebral hemorrhage. If a minor stroke occurs, early, timely, and effective diagnosis and treatment is the key to preventing it before it happens and preventing stroke hemiplegia.
In terms of human health, the impact of a stroke on a person is equivalent to a "strong earthquake" in the human body, and a small stroke is like a white light before the earthquake and a warning signal of cerebral hemorrhage. In China, there are about 5-6 million stroke patients, 75% of whom have lost their ability to work to varying degrees, and about 40% are severely disabled.
Therefore, if a minor stroke occurs, early, timely, and effective diagnosis and treatment is the key to preventing it before it happens and preventing stroke hemiplegia.

5 Stroke Minor Stroke Prone to Cerebral Infarction within 5 Years

In terms of human health, the impact of a stroke on a person is equivalent to a "strong earthquake" in the human body, and a small stroke is like a white light before the earthquake and a warning signal of cerebral hemorrhage. If a minor stroke occurs, early, timely, and effective diagnosis and treatment is the key to preventing it before it happens and preventing stroke hemiplegia.
In terms of human health, the impact of a stroke on a person is equivalent to a "strong earthquake" in the human body, and a small stroke is like a white light before the earthquake and a warning signal of cerebral hemorrhage. In China, there are about 5-6 million stroke patients, 75% of whom have lost their ability to work to varying degrees, and about 40% are severely disabled.
Therefore, if a minor stroke occurs, early, timely, and effective diagnosis and treatment is the key to preventing it before it happens and preventing stroke hemiplegia.
A small stroke is a bright yellow card for health
A minor stroke is a transient ischemic attack, also called a minor stroke, caused by ischemia of the brain tissue. In a very short period of time (such as 2-3 minutes), the patient develops numbness in the whole body, numbness and heaviness in one hand and arm, inconvenience in walking, and symptoms of unfavorable speech and slurred speech. However, these reactions are transient, and resolve spontaneously within 24 hours after onset, and there are no obvious sequelae.
Symptoms of a minor stroke are fleeting, and the duration of the attack may be extremely short. Many people fail to pay attention to it, and think that the symptoms have disappeared. However, they do not know that a minor stroke is a warning sign of stroke. Causes a stroke. According to statistics, 50% of patients have at least one cerebral infarction within 5 years after the occurrence of a minor stroke. If they are not diagnosed or treated properly, 10% of them occur within 90 days after the onset of a minor stroke.

Stroke of thin elderly people are prone to stroke

Experts at the Albert Einstein School of Medicine at Jewish University in New York have found that thin elderly people are susceptible to stroke and have a high mortality rate.
According to the latest issue of the American Medical Journal Archives of Internal Medicine, a research team led by Dr. Sylvia Washerhill Smaller has conducted a follow-up survey of 3,975 elderly people over 60 years of age with hypertension for five years Then came to the above conclusion.
Washerhill Smaller explained that thin elderly people are generally weaker and less able to resist illness. In addition, lean elderly people may be malnourished, leading to decreased immune function. However, Washerhill Smaller also said that the specific reasons why thin elderly are susceptible to stroke and high mortality rates need further study.
According to Washerhill Smaller, the research results show that it is obviously inappropriate to lose weight regardless of age. She said, "Our survey results show that age is an important factor. We want to convey this message to people around the age of 70: from the perspective of maintaining health, there is no need to deliberately lose weight, let alone eat fruit for weight loss No other food. Of course, there is no need to deliberately gain weight. "

IN OTHER LANGUAGES

Did this article help you? Thanks for the feedback Thanks for the feedback

How can we help? How can we help?