What Is the Viking Mission?
The Vikings (Old Norwegian: víkingar ), also known as Vikings, invaded European coasts and British islands from the 8th century to the 11th century. Their footprints covered the vast territory from continental Europe to the Arctic. This period in Europe was called " The Viking Age.
- The Vikings' social system consists of three classes:
- Since childhood, Vikings have loved all kinds of highly competitive games. They are more than equestrian, weightlifting, rowing, sailing and swimming. The annual tribal conventions are also Nordic
- Vikings like to listen to stories and poetry, and for a long time, they used this way to record history. Someone in each tribe specifically records such stories and writes new legends. It will obviously take a long time to write these long stories into the bones. The Vikings hide in the house in the long winter and tell the stories passed down from their fathers.
- Professional entertainers or bards gather around, attend festivals three times a year, and attend weddings and banquets. Singing and dancing are always needed on this occasion, and storytellers will get some form of gift, ring or necklace. Their story may be a bit exaggerated for contemporary people, someone killed a wild boar the size of a house; a housewife squeezed a thousand cows a day. The logic of the Vikings is this: The merit worth describing is not what has been done, but what can be done.
- Listening to the singing of the Vikings requires great courage and perseverance. An Arab traveler has been there.
- The Vikings maintain trade relations with many regions, and archeologists have found many other regions' products and coins from the tombs in northern Europe. But they prefer silver, and the merchants carry the balance with them and use silver bars as weights. Stone carvings and legends document their journey:
- In 860 AD, the Vikings descending along the Volga River came to Russia (the name was not yet known). They made a deal with the local Slavs. They traveled south from Novgorod to Borga and traded slaves for honey and fur. They then entered the Caspian Sea along the Volga and changed to camels. Silk and spices.
- Another trade route is along the Dnieper River to Kiev, into the Black Sea, to wine, silk and fine jewelry. The Vikings are very good sailors and shipbuilders. Compared to other ships, ships from other countries cannot go to the open sea, and their designs are cumbersome. The Vikings' ships are light in weight, narrow in hull, shallow in draught and can sail on all rivers in Europe.
- Vikings build or repair their ships in the winter, usually in the open air, and occasionally build a shed. The hull and paddle are made of oak, and the mast is made of pine, which can be bent moderately in high winds. The whole log is first processed into a keel to ensure strength. The curved head and tail are processed separately and then fixed to the ends of the keel with iron nails. Then the beams were erected on the keel to complete the outline of the ship. Follow the contours with masks on both sides of the boat. The entire plank is wedged layer by layer, with the upper layer just covering the edge of the lower layer. The uppermost mask was cut with small holes, and five-meter-long wooden paddles protruded from the holes. Finally, the floor was laid, the mast was mounted, and a metal weather vane was mounted on the top of the mast. is installed on the right side of the rear of the hull. Nets made of hemp are hung on both sides of the sail to prevent the sail from being torn in strong winds. Such ships are the most common, measuring about 20 meters in length.
- The sailors carried a small box with their clothes and weapons. They sit on the paddles, but they rarely paddle. They are good sailors. There is a cabin at the head and tail of each ship for food, stocked with butter, cheese, beer, fresh water, meat, apples and dried chestnuts. There are also various cookers, sails and tents ashore.
- Wearing fur coats, they slept on the boat with their clothes on. The ship can also cook on a fire, using a box filled with sand to make a stove. At sea, they used the sun, moon and stars as direction signs. When the weather is bad, use the compass, a simple magnetized piece of iron.
- During the long journey of the Vikings, the boat was their moving home. The mast can be lowered, and the sails are a good tent. The pirates even carried the ship forward like the hero of Argo, from one river to another. Because water transportation is less labor-intensive, more people and equipment can be carried.
- Where they can't take a boat, they ride horses and follow the ancient Roman roads, or they can use skiing and ice skating at the gate in winter. Skates are made from whale bones and strapped to buckskin soles. Sleighs can carry patients and the elderly, or a large amount of equipment. Anyway, they hate walking because they are slow and carry heavy luggage.
- There are many reasons why Vikings have been traveling. Some people think that it is by nature, and it is more generally accepted that they are looking for arable soil. In Northern Europe, there is such an unwritten rule that after the death of the head of the family, the eldest son inherits the family business, and the other sons must leave the elder brother to form a family. In this way, with the increase in population, the originally scarce arable land in North Europe became more inadequate, so the Vikings were looking for a good place to open up farms.